Why UNCAPPED is short-term

Why UNCAPPED is short-term

Using maths to dispel myths.

It is not new, by now UNCAPPED broadband on RF mediums has a predictable market profile. It starts with great media hype, mostly by a new telco or for a new service, full of promises and user testament of how great the service is. Then it goes quiet with the now-and-then positive publicity often linked to profitable financial result reporting. Then the beginning of the end starts, first with some ad hoc customer complaints, then lots of complaints, market outrage, media criticism and finally collapse of the service.

Why does this happen? Why? It is like UNCAPPED is a sort of broadband drug for Telco’s. It is irresistible, with lots of short-term happiness, with an inevitable end linked to dire consequences. UNCAPPED is also a model where just the Provider wins; even at the early stages where customers are very happy with the service, the end result win is tipped in favour of the Service Provider.

Our experience in the market has shown that this risk applies to all broadband services offered using RF communication channels. These include wireless, networks, mobile LTE, fixed LTE, satellite and even 5G. It is just a matter of time between the launch of an UNCAPPED service and total user dissatisfaction.

The maths talks

The UNCAPPED model is a toxic mix of complicated issues such as the science of grabbing market share, creating brand awareness in a very crowded world, getting early revenue to balance cash flows, building customer footprints, etc, etc. While each of these areas justifies a full review, we have chosen an option that the maths does the talking. Using 1st order modelling we can outline the underlining weakness of the UNCAPPED product strategy and even calculate at what point the service will start to collapse.

Satellite Use Case

We will use a typical broadband satellite scenario applicable to Ka-band satellite network architecture as a reference case.

Quality-of-Service Outcome

We modelled quality-of-service in terms of the available GB per subscriber and the average speed per subscriber. The below graphs clearly show that this model cannot scale and that sales success transferred to subscriber growth will lead to a decline in quality-of-service.

Why can this not work?

To balance this model, we need to adjust 2 metrics: 1) subscriber package and/ or 2) network capacity. To adjust any of the subscriber package values (data rate, or price or GB bundles) will create market kick-back and lose the advantages the Provider initially promised to the market.

Secondly, to increase network capacity, the RF communication channel capacity must be increased, either get more spectrum from ICASA, or increase capex spend on the towers or buy more capacity on the satellite channel. All of these steps will break the initial cost models and dilute profits.

Are there alternatives?

Yes, there are options, not easy options. To balance cost and performance more complex service management algorithms need to be implemented underwritten by a much stronger business ethic to deliver tomorrow what you promised today and to do so for the next 10 years.

This is the option we have selected for the Twoobii broadband service – it is much more difficult to grow in the beginning, it is also much more rewarding for customers, end-user and the business in the long run.


Models are models, the market is the market and the competition is the competition, and we accept nothing will change soon. What is however hard to understand is why will credible providers promote a product strategy with such a high-risk short-term nature? Does the market truly forget and forgive so easily or can Telco’s simply not resist the UNCAPPED drug as a quick fix?

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